Both timber-producing and naturally-regenerating: typically 190-600 metres above sea level
Below around 550 metres (1,804 feet) above sea level, the more temperate climate makes for sustainable woodland survival.
Where moorland meets woodland is perhaps the richest of habitats with the greatest biodiversity. Black grouse love this area. The male cocks come alive in spring when they face off against each other at mating rituals (leks), thrusting their stunning plumage into the air in a bid to intimidate their opponents. Capercaillie, though few in number nowadays, can occasionally be seen at their own leks, deeper in pine woodlands where their favoured habitat lies. Roe buck stalking also takes place in spring, providing both sport and management of the woodland environment.
Summer and Autumn
Our native Scots pine and birch are the predominant species of tree at Invercauld although alder, willow and aspen can also be found along with several other species. The broadleaved species tend to burst into green rather coming into leaf over time like their lower-lying counterparts. Timber is an important product for the Estate and summer is the best time for harvesting as relatively dry conditions minimise impact to the ground.
Tree planting is undertaken in late autumn to take advantage of wetter conditions that enable saplings to become established in what can be dry soils. Wood ants scurry around forming their anthills, hundreds of which cover the pine woodlands on the Estate.